West Nile virus is a mosquito-borne virus infection that can cause encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain and central nervous system. Mosquitoes trapped in the Shelton area usually are found each year to carry the virus. Most cases with symptoms are mild, but West Nile virus can be very serious, causing disability or even death. There is no treatment available, other than letting the infection run its course. Therefore, health officials advise all residents to take preventative precautions against contracting it.
Since mosquitoes reproduce in stagnant water that lasts for more than a few days, health officials recommend reducing the risk of infection by eliminating any pools of stagnant standing water around the home, such as birdbaths, clogged gutters and old tires, during the mosquito season, April to October.
Health officials recommend limiting exposure to mosquitoes by minimizing the time spent outdoors at dusk or dawn. If outdoors, wear insect repellent that contains DEET. Also wear hats, long pants and long sleeve shirts.